Zika virus cases in Europe confirmed – full list of countries at risk

0

ZIKA virus cases in Europe have been confirmed after three people became infected. Which countries now carry a risk of the disease?

Countries which hold a risk of Zika virus:

Countries which hold a risk of Zika virus continued:

Countries which hold a very low risk of Zika virus:

What does Zika virus do?

Zika virus cases in Hyeres, a French Riviera town in southern France, in August have been confirmed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. There were three cases determined to have been acquired locally rather than being brought into the country by travellers. This is different to the approximately 2,400 cases of Zika detected in Europe since 2015, when the outbreak in South America began, as those cases were brought into Europe by tourists visiting other continents.

All three cases occurred around the same time, which has lead investigators to believe they were all part of the same transmission cycle.

The people struck down by the disease have recovered and local health authorities say the risk to residents and travellers to the region is low.

“It’s one thing for travellers to come back to a country with a disease, that happens all the time,” Professor James Logan, head of the department of disease control at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, told The Telegraph.

He added: “It’s another thing completely when a disease is transmitted locally as it demonstrates capacity. We now have a new exotic disease in Europe.

Mosquito bites: Can a G&T keep them at bay? Prof James Logan advises on best repellent

“In many ways, this is a bit of a wake-up call for the continent.”

Zika virus is usually transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito – but this mosquito isn’t usually found in southern Europe.

Mortise Kraemer, a researcher into infectious diseases at the University of Oxford told CNN that another mosquito, Aedes albopictus – the Asian tiger mosquito – has now become common.

So which countries currently pose a risk of zika virus?

Public Health England offers advice on which countries pose a risk of Zika virus – there are currently no European countries on the list.

Whooping cough bacteria ‘can hide in noses of healthy people’ – how to prevent the illness [INSIGHT]
Flu-like illness could kill 80 million people in less than two days [INSIGHT]
Bug bites warning: Which bites are the most dangerous? The symptoms to watch out for [INSIGHT]

Countries which hold a risk of Zika virus:

Angola

Anguilla

Antigua and Barbuda

Argentina

Aruba

Bahamas

Bangladesh

Barbados

Belize

Bolivia

Bonaire

Brazil

British Virgin Islands

Burkina Faso

Burma (Myanmar)

Burundi

Cambodia

Cameroon

Cape Verde

Central African Republic

Colombia

Costa Rica

Côte D’Ivoire

Cuba

Curaçao

Dominica

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

El Salvador

Ethiopia

Fiji

French Guiana

Gabon

Grenada

Guatemala

Guinea-Bissau

Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

India

Indonesia

Jamaica

Laos

Malaysia

Maldives

Countries which hold a risk of Zika virus continued:

Mexico

Montserrat

Nicaragua

Nigeria

Panama

Papua New Guinea

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Puerto Rico

Saba

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Martin

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Samoa

Senegal

Singapore

Saint Eustatius

Saint Maarten

Solomon Islands

Suriname

Thailand

Tonga

Trinidad and Tobago

Turks and Caicos Islands

Uganda

US Virgin Islands

Venezuela

Vietnam

Virgin Islands (British)

Virgin Islands (USA)

Countries which hold a very low risk of Zika virus:

American Samoa

Cayman Islands

Chile – Easter Islands

Cook Islands

Florida, USA

French Polynesia

Guadeloupe

Marshall Islands

Martinique

Micronesia, Federated States of

New Caledonia

Palau

Saint Barthélemy

Texas, USA

Vanuatu

Zika outbreaks have been reported in the Pacific region, south and Central America, the Caribbean, Africa an parts of south and southeast Asia in the past.

If you plan to travel to an affected area you should seek travel health advice before your trip.

What does Zika virus do?

For most people, Zika virus causes a very mild infection and is not harmful.

But for pregnant women, there’s evidence it causes birth defects.

Most people have minimal symptoms or no symptoms, but if symptoms do occur, they’re usually mild and last around two to seven days.

Symptoms include:

  • A rash
  • Itching all over the body
  • A high temperature
  • A headache
  • Joint pain (with possible swelling, mainly in the smaller joints of the hands and feet)
  • Muscle pain
  • Red eyes (conjunctivitis)
  • Lower back pain
  • Pain behind the eyes

The NHS advises: “If you feel unwell after returning from a country that has malaria, as well as having a risk of Zika virus transmission, you should seek urgent (same day) advice to help rule out a malaria diagnosis.

“If you remain unwell and malaria has been shown not to be the cause, seek medical advice.”

Countries which hold a risk of Zika virus:

Countries which hold a risk of Zika virus continued:

Countries which hold a very low risk of Zika virus:

What does Zika virus do?

Share.

About Author

Leave A Reply