Carriers of dangerous diseases: how to protect yourself from them?


Ticks transmit dangerous diseases: How to protect yourself?  When is Tick time?

Ticks are not active only in summer, but are already from April to September lurking on grasses and bushes.  The small bloodsuckers can transmit dangerous diseases such as Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). However, there are ways to protect yourself.

Bloodsucking can transmit diseases

Health experts repeatedly point out the importance of protecting yourself from ticks. The little bloodsuckers have a sophisticated lancing device. They can use their scissors-like mouthparts to rip the skin of the host and use their “sting”  to dig a pit into the tissue. Tick sucks off The blood collecting in it. The eight-legged animals can transmit various diseases such as Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) via their saliva or the intestine. One who is familiar with the parasites explains what to look for when dealing with ticks. 

Quick removal of the tick is so important
“In every tick bite: The quick removal of the tick is crucial,” explains dr. Frieder Schaumburg from the Institute for Medical Microbiology at the University of Münster.
“The risk of becoming infected with borreliosis in a tick bite is significantly influenced by the duration of sucking the tick,” says the expert.
It will take up to 24 hours for the Lyme disease agents to be transmitted to humans. “Therefore, after an outdoor day, you should thoroughly check up on ticks to minimize the risk of infection,” said the head of the vaccine consultation.

Diseases can lead to death if left untreated

Signs of Lyme disease include general symptoms such as fatigue, night sweats, fever and nonspecific joint and muscle pain.

If the disease remains unrecognized and untreated, it can lead to chronic damage to the heart, nerves and joints and in the worst case to death.

There is no vaccine against the disease.

Ticks can also transmit TBE viruses. Especially in older people, the disease can be difficult to treat. About one third of the infected people have symptoms of illness.

First, there are flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache, vomiting and dizziness.

Some patients also develop meningitis and encephalitis with the risk of damage to the spinal cord. In extreme cases, the disease is fatal.

There are no drugs available against TBE itself, only the symptoms can be treated.


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